A survivor of the Armenian Genocide, Soghomon Tehlirian assassinated the former Ottoman Interior Minister Talaat Pasha in Berlin as an act of retribution for Talaat’s role in organising the Armenian Genocide during World War I. The assassination took place in broad daylight and led to Tehlirian being arrested by the German police. After a two-day trial, Tehlirian was found not guilty by a German court and was set free.
In June 1915, the Ottoman police ordered the deportation of all the Armenians in Erzinjan, where Tehlirian’s family lived. Tehlirian's family, together with other Armenians, were deported and then massacred. Motivated by a desire to avenge the brutal killings of his family members, Soghomon Tehlirian joined Operation Nemesis in 1921, a covert assassination program targeting those who were responsible for the Armenian Genocide.
The assassination of Talaat Pasha was part of the Armenian Revolutionary Federation’s Operation Nemesis. In 1919, in Yerevan, the general assembly of the Armenian Revolutionary Federation party enacted a resolution calling for the implementation of the verdicts it had reached. Soghomon Tehlirian executed the death sentence on Turkey’s minister Talaat on March 15, 1921 in Berlin. Tehlirian is considered a national hero in Armenia.
Soghomon Tehlirian Memories - The Assassination of Talaat